It's senior HQ was a Brigade, commanded by (you guessed it) a Brigadier General. For this reason, although the regular battalion today (if there is only one) will always be the 1st Battalion, the TA battalions may have non-consecutive numbers. The Ministry of Defence still has these service records and they usually contain First World War records as well. Some regiments recruited from specific geographical areas, and usually incorporated the place name into the regimental name. The Buffs (Royal East Kent Regiment), formed in 1572, was the oldest infantry regiment. By Sgt. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). [18], The SAM regiment was an important part of a Motorised Rifle Division or Tank Division's effort to envelop the battlefield in an extensive air defence network. The system presents difficulties for military planners, who must deal with the problems of trying to keep soldiers of a regiment together throughout their careers and of administering separate garrisons, training and mess facilities. This expanded regimental structure produced units, proportionally roughly the same approximate size as the single battalion, ten-company regiments of the Civil War. On the other hand, recruitment from a single community can lead to a concentrated and potentially devastating local impact if the regiment takes heavy casualties. 5 Answers. The oldest regiments which still exist, and their dates of establishment, include the Spanish 9th Infantry Regiment "Soria" (originally the Tercio de Nápoles)[2] (1505), Swedish Life Guards (1521), the British Honourable Artillery Company (1537) and the King's Own Immemorial Regiment of Spain, first established in 1248 during the conquest of Seville by King Ferdinand the Saint. King Gustav II Adolf in 1631 organized the Swedish infantry into 150-man companies, with eight companies to a regiment, but for tactical purposes he regrouped them into “squadrons” and brigades. CLRs that support RCT's have the same number as the parent Marine Division of its supported RCT. A cavalry regiment by contrast made up a single entity of up to 1,000 troopers. Among … Squads make up platoons, which make up Companies, which make up Battalions, which in turn, make up Regiments. In some armies, an independent regiment with fewer companies was labelled a demi-regiment. Searching the MIC index (WO 372) at the National Archives for "Middlesex Regiment" returns 85407 records . I was in The Parachute Regiment from 1981 - 1984. Armor and cavalry troops have about 80 men. A regimental headquarters oversaw command of three Tank Battalions of thirty-one tanks each, typically T-64, T-72, or T-80 tanks although some units used older models, and an artillery battalion of eighteen 2S1 Gvozdika self-propelled howitzers, with some using the older towed D-30 howitzer. The 75th Ranger Regiment, also known as Army Rangers, is an elite special operations force that is a combat deployable unit in the United States Army Special Operations Command. The infantry regiments still contained three battalions; there were now "headquarters and headquarters" companies (HHCs) not only at the regimental-level but in each battalion as well. Prior to World War I, an infantry regiment in the French, German, Russian, and other smaller armies would comprise four battalions, each with a full strength on mobilization of about 1,000 men. In Britain, the Royal Regiment of Artillery works in the same way. There are two sets of documents to look for. 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