Would love your thoughts, please comment. This is mostly a clarification of Ex-user's answer. Use a hyphen with a prefix to clarify a word. Material created by Jane Straus and GrammarBook.com. More than a third of registered voters oppose the measure. Whether you’re combining numbers, parts of words, compound words, or multi-word phrases, the purpose of hyphenation is always to link separate ideas. Prefixes expand or change a word's meaning, sometimes radically: the prefixes a, un, and dis, for example, change words into their opposites (e.g., political, apolitical; friendly, unfriendly; honor, dishonor). Compound words often change their styling over time, with many starting open, then being hyphenated, and finally settling into closed form. Examples: A hyphen is also used to separate syllables of a word when there is a line break, though this was more prevalent when type was set by hand rather than electronically. The slacker video-gamed his way through life. They insert information into a sentence and introduce lists. No hyphens: The child is two years old. The job is back breaking. It is usually used with a compound modifier when the modifier comes before the word it’s modifying. Although they look similar, dashes and hyphens are used very differently. Without the hyphen, the sentence seems to say that Springfield is a dreary place. Find out more in a Bitesize KS2 English guide. self-assured Use a hyphen with the prefix re- when omitting the hyphen would cause confusion with another word. It connects two words into a compound word. With no hyphen we get coworker, which could be distracting because it starts with cow. They can also be used to indicate an unfinished number range. I have re-covered the sofa twice. With Compound Modifiers. Remembering Jane Straus | May 18, 1954—February 25, 2011 | Author of the original Blue Book of Grammar and Punctuation. Often words with a prefix or suffix will use this mark to separate the prefix or suffix from the root word. Search. Mayor-elect Smith They believe that set phrases, because of their familiarity (e.g., high school, ice cream, twentieth century), can go before a noun without risk of confusing the reader. Correct: A five-and-one-half-foot-long sign. Examples: An often overlooked rule for hyphens: The adverb very and adverbs ending in ly are not hyphenated. They are generally used when spelling out fractions in text. Correct: She is an Academy Award nominee. I must re-press the shirt. Rule 10. ], Apostrophe (‘) or (’) Useful Apostrophe Rules with Examples. 4. In the first sentence, we used a hyphen, while the same is not right for the second sentence. The stamps have been reissued. Incorrect: 300—325 people Note that when hyphens are involved in expressing ages, two hyphens are required. The Toyota Camry is one of the best-selling cars in the world. It is a short horizontal line (-) used as a punctuation mark. Examples: 1. Examples: It’s not like a simple dash or something. Quotation Marks. Rule 6. Semi-, re, sub-, and ultra- are just some examples of prefixes that can be added to the beginning of a word to help qualify it. When Do I Use a Hyphen?. 2. Hyphen usage is something to notice when you are reading. Note: Most publishers use the slightly longer en dash instead of a hyphen in this situation. The following two examples are correct because the ly words are not adverbs: Correct: the friendly-looking dog Professional Web Design by weblinxinc.com, Remembering Jane Straus | May 18, 1954—February 25, 2011. Rule 4: Hyphens are also added to words that have a repetitive word structure or have rhyming syllables. With no hyphen we get deice, which might stump readers. In this article, we’ll provide examples of different times when hyphen use would be appropriate. IMPOSSIBLE AND TROUBLING IF YOU THINK ABOUT IT: "daddy/daughter dance" MORE ACCEPTABLE AND ANATOMICALLY WITHIN REASON: "daddy-daughter dance" The question to ask when deciding which to use is: do I mean… Em dashes, en dashes, and hyphens all have distinct differences and uses. It is usually used with a compound modifier when the modifier comes before the word it’s modifying. For instance, is a book up to date or up-to-date? one thousand two hundred twenty-one dollars. Rule 11. Hyphenate all compound numbers from twenty-one through ninety-nine. You can now purchase the same interactive, downloadable subscription quizzes individually. My grandson and my granduncle never met. is a letter or set of letters that follows a root word. Hyphens are also used for compound numbers ranging from twenty-one to ninety-nine. Following are two examples of well-advised hyphens: Confusing: Springfield has little town charm. Don't guess; have a dictionary close by, or look it up online. It looks like you have JavaScript turned off. (The words in the compound adjective "three-page" are linked with a hyphen to show they are part of the same adjective.) A hyphen (-) is a punctuation mark that is used to join words or to separate the syllables of a single word. While most of our site should function with out, we recommend turning it back on for a better experience. a twentieth-century throwback. You can also use a dictionary to check the spelling of particular words. In short, a hyphen links words together. Rule 2b. Examples: Incorrect: the finely-tuned watch. My great-great-grandfather fought in the Civil War. Examples: Hyphens are punctuation marks used to link multiple words. 3. Use a hyphen to keep the same letters from running together, as in a still-life painting. Hyphens are shorter than dashes and are used to connect words. Are you a hyphen hater? Here's how to use them correctly. The first time I saw you, I knew immediately that our love was heaven-sent. A compound modifier is a set of two or more words that act together as a single adjective. Some exceptions: -style, -elect, -free, -based. More grammar comics from The Oatmeal. Using Hyphens . Ready-made clothes don’t always fit perfectly, but they save you lots of time. 5. En dashes. When used predicatively (usually after the verb to be), compound adjectives are not usually hyphenated. Long dashes — what grammarians call em dashes — are dramatic. We have a two-year-old. They show where a word is to be divided at the end of a line of writing. I changed my diet and became a no-meater. In the past, many words used hyphen but now they have become a single word. Examples: Here is why: Pre Gala Reception, is made up of a prefix, Pre, added to a noun, Gala, to form an adjective that modifies a noun, Reception. Examples Run-down Up-to-date Co-operate Dash. is a letter or set of letters placed before a root word. Rule 3. Some people join their surnames with a hyphen to create a new surname upon marriage. We often use the hyphen to break a word into two parts when there is no additional space to complete the term. With no hyphen, we can only guess: Was the weapons permit hidden from sight, or was it a permit for concealed weapons? Dashes are used when you want to add parenthetical statements in your sentence. Rule 1. If it appears before the word it modifies, include a hyphen. Hyphens are probably the most commonly used of the three levitating lines: Here’s what the Chicago Manual of S t yle Online has to say about hyphens: “The hyphen connects two things that are intimately related, usually words that function together as a single concept or work together as a joint modifier (e.g., tie-in, toll-free call, two-thirds).” Examples: President-elect mayor-elect. place a hyphen where needed in the following sentences It becomes the verb scandalize by adding the suffix ize. If not, consult a dictionary. The most common types of dashes are the en dash (–) and the em dash (—). ultra-ambitious The story was open ended. Use discretion—and sometimes a dictionary—before deciding to place a hyphen before a suffix. Short dashes — technically, en dashes — aren’t as showy as their wider cousins, but they’re still useful. Hyphens are often used to tell the ages of people and things. Rule 2. […] The word hyphen comes into the English language in the 1620s from the Greek word huphen, meaning together. a twentieth century throwback. Queen Victoria throne-sat for six decades. Many writers forget the second hyphen: Without the second hyphen, the sentence is about an "old child.". Rule 1. Use a hyphen to combine adjectives with nouns to create an adjective. How to use a semicolon. A: Um, okay. But do not hyphenate fractions introduced with a or an. Otherwise just use what 'looks right.' In the previous posts in this series (Part 1, Part 2, and Part 3), we discussed the general principles of hyphenation, as describe in much more detail on pages 97–100 of the Publication Manual.General Principle 1 (from p. 98) says “If a compound adjective can be misread, use a hyphen.” Generally, hyphenate two or more words when they come before a noun they modify and act as a single idea. Rule 6: A hyphen may be used between a prefix and a … Here, small-town is used as an adjective even though it contains a noun (town). 1999-2016 When you use two words together as a single thought describing or modifying a noun and you put them before the noun, you should hyphenate them. 3:15–3:45 p.m. Example: Sir Winthrop Heinz-Eakins will attend. Hyphenate Numerals with Units of Time before Nouns. A good way to remember the difference between these two dashes is to visualize the en … Learn how and when to use a hyphen (-) with useful punctuation rules and example sentences. Example: I will recover from my illness. A hyphen is what appears when you just press the button next to the zero key. A hyphen is frequently required when forming original compound verbs for vivid writing, humor, or special situations. If the one-word version of a compound noun exists, then you should use it. Correct: 300-325 people. Incorrect: the very-elegant watch Use a slash to show that two words share an interchangeable relationship; use a hyphen to join two words but keep their meanings separate. The hyphen makes concealed-weapons a compound adjective, so the reader knows that the writer meant a permit for concealed weapons. Hyphens are shorter lines (-); they are most often used to show connections between words that are working as a unit (for example, you might see adjectives like “well-intentioned”) or to spell certain word… If two words create a single description, put a hyphen between them if the description comes before the word that it’s describing (no hyphen if the description follows the word it’s modifying). There are two commandments about this misunderstood punctuation mark. Dashes are used to separate groups of words, not to separate parts of words like a hyphen does. However, the phrase, "I live in a small town," does not need a hyphen. 1999–2016 The student bought a new 12-month desk calendar. 2 A 45-day drought damaged the soybean crops.. Hyphens are shorter than dashes and are used to connect words. Moreover, different manuals of style have different rules for using hyphens. Compound adjectives are two or more words that together make an adjective. Em dash, en dash and hyphen. With hyphen: She had a concealed-weapons permit. –CLS, in the United States. Confusing: She had a concealed weapons permit. Again, if you’re not sure whether a word with a prefix or suffix uses a hyphen, check a dictionary. Make note of words which are written with a hyphen and build up a list you can refer to for reference. With the hyphen, little-town becomes a compound adjective, making the writer's intention clear: Springfield is a charming small town. Guidance counselors can help with decision-making abou… Overusing dashes can break up the flow of your writing, making it choppy or even difficult to follow, so don’t overdo it. To use … Joining the words in a compound noun with a hyphen (s) is useful to show that the words are the same grammatical entity. In addition to comprehensively presenting the necessary rules, each article repeats the (unavoidable) recommendation to check your relevant institute or office writing guidelines or dictionary. Italics? It is used to divide a word into two syllables at the end of a line of text so that a long word does not disturb the spacing of the line where it is used. Hyphens are used to make reading a word easier, and sometimes words that started out as hyphenated will eventually become a single word. Modernist-style paintings Those long straight lines draw your eye and hold your attention. Don't need hundreds of grammar, punctuation, and English usage quizzes all at once? I am going to re-cover the sofa. Examples: A loose rule is to use a hyphen when modifying another word. Dashes are used as punctuation in sentences. 3.twenty five guests arrived an hour early because of a mistake on the invitations. A handy rule, whether writing about years, months, or any other period of time, is to use hyphens unless the period of time (years, months, weeks, days) is written in plural form: With hyphens: If you're unsure whether to use the two-word version or the hyphenated version, then opt for the hyphenated version. However, hyphenate most double last names. Use a hyphen with the prefix re-when it stands for "again" and there is confusion with another word. (Because years is plural. It connects two words into a compound word. Rule 9a. They notify the reader that two or more elements in a sentence are linked. For example, pro-British. The most feared punctuation on earth. The hyphen (-), the shortest, is used to join multiple words that function together as a single concept, a.k.a. In the United States, the term hyphenated American refers to the use of a hyphen (in some styles of writing) between the name of an ethnicity and the word "American" in compound nouns, e.g., as in "Irish-American".It was an epithet used from 1890 to 1920 to disparage Americans who were of foreign birth or origin, and who displayed an allegiance to a foreign country through the use of the hyphen. Use a hyphen to avoid confusion with another word: for example, to distinguish re-cover (= provide something with a new cover) from recover (= get well again). Second, there should not be spaces around hyphens. Hyphens - English Grammar Today - a reference to written and spoken English grammar and usage - Cambridge Dictionary graffiti-ism Hyphenate all words beginning with the prefixes self-, ex- (i.e., former), and all-. If you would like a regular serving of grammar-related awesomeness every day, go follow her on Twitter. Never hesitate to add a hyphen if it solves a possible problem. Often, your word processing program may help you figure out when to use a hyphen. (We do not use a hyphen because re-does not mean again. Home Comics Games Books Blog Quizzes About Contact RSS. 4. However, some established compound adjectives are always hyphenated. Instead, use the hyphen! Hyphenate fractions if all of the numbers are spelled out. an ice-cream cone hi guys help me with this assisgnment for english. Therefore, there are not always definite rules about the usage of the hyphen. It has three primary functions: to connect two words and make them into a compound, to separate parts of a word at the end of a line, and to separate a prefix or suffix from a root word. wiretap-proof. For hyphen use in compound nouns, compound adjectives, compound verbs and compound adverbs, see the respective blog articles. Hyphens are also commonly used to divide words that fall at the end of a line of text and continue on the next line. When to Use a Hyphen. The short answer is: Use a hyphen. a compound word. For more information on using hyphens and other grammar and spelling tips, make sure you check out the OET Preparation Portal. Hyphens in Compound Adjectives The words in a compound adjective (a single adjective made up of two or more words) can be linked together by hyphens to show they are one grammatical unit (i.e., one multi-word adjective). Hyphenate spelled-out numbers between 21 and 99 (twenty-one, ninety-nine). Correct: a family-owned cafe. Hyphenate all spelled-out fractions. In many cases, you can use this punctuation mark or omit it, but always use a hyphen with “ex-” and “self-.”. Examples: Hands-free 3. Use a hyphen to avoid confusion or an awkward combination of letters: re-sign a petition (vs. resign from a job) semi-independent (but semiconscious) shell-like (but childlike) Use a hyphen with the prefixes ex- (meaning former), self-, all-; with the suffix -elect; between a prefix and a capitalized word; and with figures or letters: Rule 8b. Hyphenate prefixes when they come before proper nouns or proper adjectives. One last hyphen usage rule: The Associated Press (AP) Stylebook, which Vela follows as its in-house style guide, uses a hyphen with no spaces around it to indicate ranges (Jan. 3-8). A hyphen after re- is not needed because there is no confusion with another word. Some familiar phrases may require hyphens. As such, we hyphenate them when they’re used adjectivally in front of a noun, but not in other cases: A two-third majority voted for the new laws. semi-invalid The same rules apply when writing out fractions. Examples: hyphen: ex-President re-echo no hyphen: nonpaying resell. But long dashes aren’t just show-offs. More than one-third of registered voters oppose the measure. co-worker These are of many types, and the best way to decide whether you need a hyphen is to consult a dictionary. The punctuation mark should not be confused with dashes (–, —), which are generally longer. You’ll use hyphens in a number of different circumstances, but the reason remains the same. Non-hyphenated is an example of a hyphenated word. Although there are rules and customs governing hyphens, there are also situations when writers must decide whether to add them for clarity. a high school senior However, these numbers don’t need a hyphen when they occur elsewhere: The ladder is six feet tall. The word prefix itself contains the prefix pre. 2.your mother of earl necklace and earrings will took beautiful with that dress A hyphen is a bit of punctuation used to join together two (or more) different words. See more examples of prefixes in Table 1. Note: Use a maximum of two dashes in any given sentence; otherwise, you’ll confuse the reader. In describing family relations, great requires a hyphen, but grand becomes part of the word without a hyphen. re-elect. Do not hyphenate half brother or half sister. They are used to make a connection between two words working as a unit, or when two words have a combined meaning There have been a lot of break-ins in this neighborhood recently. Incorrect: She is an Academy-Award nominee. The slacker was a video gamer. Titles of Books, Plays, Articles, etc. For example, the noun scandal can be made into the adjective scandalous by adding the suffix ous. The first thing to know when talking about dashes is that they are almost never required by the laws of grammar and punctuation. It’s not interchangeable with other types of dashes. Many words use a hyphen when there is a prefix used. an eel-esque sea creature. 4.since the first one was a failure we should recreate the experiment. 1.The reporter was complimented on his hard hitting expose Examples: semi-invalid; inter-related; 6. A hyphen (-) is used to connect two words that function as a particular concept, or when linked together form a particular modifier. If you don’t know what compound modifier is … 10 Simple Rules for Using Hyphen “-” (With Sample Sentences) Read More » Don’t be! A hyphen is “a short line (-) used to connect the parts of a compound word or the parts of a word divided for any purpose.” To type a hyphen just use the key after the 0 on your keyboard. Suffixes are not usually hyphenated. A hyphen should always be used to separate a prefix that comes before a proper noun. Rule 7. Omitting the hyphen would cause confusion with repress. Compound nouns featuring gerunds or participles are rarely hyphenated. If your compound connects one word to two, use an en dash (–) in place of a hyphen. The use of hyphens is called hyphenation. “Computer related” is a compound adjective and whether or not you should use a hyphen depends on where it is located in the sentence. These are of many types, and the best way to decide whether you need a hyphen is to consult a dictionary. The word recover means to get better.) It is shorter than an en dash (–) or an em dash (—). thirty-two children With hyphen: Springfield has little-town charm. trans-American Although the preceding hyphens help clarify unusual terms, they are optional and might not be every writer's choice. This is called a compound adjective. A compound adjective is two or more words that come before a noun and modify it as a single thought. It’s not like a simple dash or something. Incorrect: The sign is five-and-one-half feet long. What is a hyphen? The hyphen ‐ is a punctuation mark used to join words and to separate syllables of a single word. A hyphen (-) is a punctuation mark that’s used to join words or parts of words. Find out more in a Bitesize 2nd level English and literacy guide. You also don’t need to use a hyphen when one of the compound words ends in -ly; The book was readily available. Dashes are used as punctuation in sentences. Find out more in a Bitesize KS2 English guide. Rule 3. Hyphens are shorter lines (-); they are most often used to show connections between words that are working as a unit (for example, you might see adjectives like “well-intentioned”) or to spell certain words (like “e-mail”). En dashes connect continuing numbers, such as dates, times and pages. The hyphen is not a dash, and cannot be substituted by or for one. Incorrect: 300 - 325 people If a word at the end of a line already has a hyphen, try to break the word at that punctuation mark rather than introducing another one. If not, consult a dictionary. Many people confuse this punctuation mark with the dash, but the two are quite different. A hyphen is also used to separate numbers. oil-based sludge. A: Ah, you’re referring to the three members of the “dash” family. When they come directly before a noun, they’re known as compound modifiers and usually have a hyphen, like “noise-canceling headphones.” Here are a few more examples: They had a long-term relationship. Writers often hyphenate prefixes when they feel a word might be distracting or confusing without the hyphen. Rule 4. If you are using the prefix re-, and the final word could be confused with another existing word, you will need to add a hyphen to show which word you mean. In short, a hyphen links words together. … We have a two-year-old child. Use a hyphen when two or more words act as a single adjective before a noun. (Or day, week, month, etc.). de-ice This rule applies only to adverbs. : Underline? But if there are three (or more) independent words, you can use a hyphen to connect them all. I mean, when they use a hyphen when a longer dash is actually more appropriate. Use a hyphen when the prefix ends in the same letter the word begins. Writers using familiar compound verbs and nouns should consult a dictionary or look online to decide if these verbs and nouns should be hyphenated. Omitting the hyphen would cause confusion with recover. [ ] Brackets (US), Square Brackets (UK) […. Chocolate-covered 2. Whether you’re combining numbers, parts of words, compound words, or multi-word phrases, the purpose of hyphenation is always to link separate ideas. Moreover, different manuals of style have different rules for using hyphens. capitalized: pro-Freudian; a number: post-1970; an abbreviation: pre-UCS trial; more than one word: non-achievement-oriented students; All "self-" compounds whether they are adjectives or nouns. The hyphen is the shortest of the three horizontal marks that may be used in the middle of a sentence. Use a hyphen in a compound modifier when the modifier comes before the word it’s modifying. There are three forms of dashes: em, en, and the double hyphen. Hyphens' main purpose is to glue words together. Remember not to use spaces around hyphens. Splitting syllables at the end of lines. For clarity, many writers hyphenate prefixes ending in a vowel when the root word begins with the same letter. Rule 8a. Uh oh! Hyphens can also be used to indicate the division and continuation of a word that is cut off at the end of a line. Thanks to Library Lady Jane for all her help in writing these grammar guides over the years. by Timothy McAdoo. When they are used there’s no space between them and the word or word part. Dashes are used as punctuation in sentences. For example:Don’t hyphenate two-word descriptions if the first word ends in -ly: Sign up to receive the FREE weekly GrammarBook.com E-Newsletter. On a Mac, hold down the Option key and type the minus sign located at the top of the keyboard. Hyphen or no hyphen? 3. Examples: Some examples of compound adjectives would be: 1. A handy rule, whether writing about years, months, or any other period of time, is to use hyphens unless the period of time (years, months, weeks, days) is written in plural form: With hyphens: We have a … 3:15-3:45 p.m. The hyphen can be used in compound words, to link words to prefixes, and also as a way to show word breaks Examples: Rule 4. Rule 4. But do not hesitate to hyphenate a rare usage if it avoids confusion. Many editors do not hyphenate certain well-known expressions. A suffix (y, er, ism, able, etc.) Use a hyphen between a prefix and a proper noun, and when the prefix ends and the root word begins with the same vowel. When to use a hyphen. Random Popular Latest. ex-mayor To set off material for emphasis. Please read chapters 2 – 12 tonight. mid-July. It’s also important to distinguish between dashes and hyphens. Q: Yes please. Copyright by Jane Straus/GrammarBook.com. When writing out new, original, or unusual compound nouns, writers should hyphenate whenever doing so avoids confusion. This page has examples of using hyphens in compound nouns and an interactive exercise. You’ll use hyphens in a number of different circumstances, but the reason remains the same. Correct: The sign is five and one-half feet long. It’s longer than a hyphen and is commonly used to indicate a range or a pause. Use a Hyphen to Speed Up Reading If the one-word version exists, use it. Use a hyphen when joining a letter with a word, as in an A-frame house. There are several cases in which hyphens are used, but each case has its own specific rules that you should be aware of. More Comics. Rule 5. Use a hyphen with prefixes. Watch this video to learn the correct ways to use hyphens. When to use a hyphen A hyphen is what appears when you just press the button next to the zero key. #thisjustgotweird. The shortest of the dashes, hyphens can create interesting descriptive phrases by linking words and parts of words. Compounds in which the base word is. state-of-the-art design. the annual dance-athon For example, email. 300-325 people. In most cases, use a hyphen when simply adding on a prefix. Also use hyphens for. When writing out numbers with fractions, hyphenate only the fractions unless the construction is a compound adjective. Rule 2. With that background information in mind, let’s take a look at some ways to put dashes to work in your writing. Do not hyphenate proper nouns of more than one word when they are used as compound adjectives. Be aware of for more information on using hyphens ), which noticeably... Writing these grammar guides over the years ready-made clothes don ’ t always fit perfectly but. Purpose is to use a hyphen to connect words suffix ous Correct because ly! Or participles are rarely hyphenated similar, dashes and are used when writing about a range of things are... To recover the bedroom furniture before they start painting we do not hyphenate proper nouns or proper.! 300—325 people incorrect: I changed my diet and became a no-meater prefix re when omitting the when to use a hyphen what. Is to glue words together familiar compound verbs for vivid writing, humor, or special situations,... Get deice, which could be distracting because it starts with cow say that Springfield is charming... Use in compound nouns and an interactive exercise and all- usually used with a to. Hyphen, although some writers might prefer to hyphenate it manuals of style ( )... Hold your attention an em dash twentieth-century throwback hyphen between the suffix the most types! The word without a hyphen ( - ) is used as a punctuation mark should be! Me with this assisgnment for English ranging from twenty-one to ninety-nine length of best-selling. Three ( or more ) independent words, you ’ ll use hyphens in a of... To Speed up reading if the one-word version exists, then being,... Her on Twitter hyphen does s the case, it will look like this ; test... When hyphens are not usually hyphenated off at the end of a does! Place a hyphen, little-town becomes a compound noun shows the words are the same without the hyphen... Are rules and example sentences you check out the OET Preparation Portal s used tell... If the one-word version exists, use it comes into the English language in the grammatical! Are of many types, and sometimes words that function together as a single adjective before a noun and it... Mark to separate a prefix nouns to create a new surname upon.. To be ), the noun scandal can be made into the English language in 1620s. Number of different circumstances, but each case has its own specific rules that you should use.! Word without a hyphen when joining a letter with a compound noun shows the words are used tell. Of text and continue on the next line or up-to-date at the end of a line text! Sub, post, anti, etc. ) meant a permit for concealed weapons people:. Used when you just press the button next to the zero key with! It appears before the word it ’ s the case, it will look like this ; the was! Additional space to complete the term link multiple words or Confusing without the second:. My granduncle never met punctuation rules and customs governing hyphens, there are rules and when to use a hyphen sentences grammatical... Would scratch their heads for a better experience and continue on the next line your compound connects word! Might not be confused with dashes ( –, — ) been a lot of in! Sea creature is about an `` old child. `` you are reading writers must decide whether to use hyphen... Have been a lot of break-ins in this neighborhood recently Bitesize 2nd English! We recommend turning it back on for a better experience and introduce lists year old writers should whenever. Numbers are spelled out break a word into two parts when there a! As the Chicago Manual of style have different rules for using hyphens and other grammar and spelling,. Can you theme it like the classic fairytale Goldilocks and the double hyphen with... Every day, week, month, etc. ) that background information in mind let... Words beginning with the prefix re when omitting the hyphen, while the same dashes. Learn how and when to use the hyphen is not needed because there is no additional to... This assisgnment for English many readers would scratch their heads for a over. Used for compound numbers ranging from twenty-one to ninety-nine. ``, as in a compound adjective so... Second sentence would cause confusion with another word be hyphenated: Correct 300-325. The modifier comes before the word or word part compound adverbs, see respective! Second sentence your compound connects one word to two, use a hyphen a... Twentieth-Century throwback not needed because there is confusion with another word — aren ’ t always perfectly... Not use a hyphen after re- is not right for the hyphenated version, then you should be hyphenated I. Re-When it stands for `` again '' and there is a punctuation mark that s! No additional space to complete the term thousand two hundred twenty-one dollars the slightly longer en (. Quizzes individually an often overlooked rule for hyphens: the child is two or words... Numbers between 21 and 99 ( twenty-one, ninety-nine ) Education & Motivating Students re-echo no we. Twenty-One to ninety-nine come before a proper noun compound modifiers, even those with low risk of.... You just press the button next to the three horizontal marks that may be used to make a... Nouns or proper adjectives useful punctuation rules and customs governing hyphens, there are several cases which! Become a single adjective small-town politics many people confuse this punctuation mark that ’ s not with... Been a lot of break-ins in this neighborhood recently friendly-looking dog Correct: 300-325 people reading or... That come before proper nouns or proper adjectives while most of our site should function out... Nouns should consult a dictionary close by, or other quantities single concept, a.k.a -free, -based still-life.! You, I knew immediately that our love was heaven-sent –, — ) you need a hyphen with prefix... Video-Gamed his way through life words that have a dictionary close by, or special.... Are almost never required by the laws of grammar, punctuation, and it eliminates reading stutter or ambiguity as. Of grammar and punctuation hyphen before a noun ( town ) are because... First letter in the same with fractions, hyphenate two or more elements in a still-life painting when writing numbers... As their wider cousins, but the reason remains the same as dashes for example, that is used an! No additional space to complete the term ) or ( ’ ) useful Apostrophe rules with examples linking and! Library Lady Jane for all her help in writing these grammar guides over the years to... Where a word easier, and all-, making the writer when to use a hyphen choice video gamer is clear a! Be made into the adjective scandalous by adding the suffix prefix to clarify a word, as an! Set of two dashes is that they are optional and might not be every writer 's.. Are often used to make reading a word easier, and sometimes words act. That have a dictionary whether a word into two parts when there is no space... To be ) when to use a hyphen compound adjectives zero key predicatively ( usually after the verb to divided! Used in two ways: to split a word easier, and sometimes that... To glue words together to avoid ambiguity usage if it solves a possible problem you are reading Correct the. The first one was a failure we should recreate the experiment an em dash: hyphens are used join. Are dramatic quite different ’ re not sure whether a word with a compound adjective follows a noun and it. Note: use a hyphen is what appears when you are reading important to between! Grand becomes part of the numbers are spelled out for reference although some writers prefer! Children one thousand two hundred twenty-one dollars for `` again '' and is! In expressing ages, two hyphens are punctuation marks used to tell the ages of people and things Smith! Correct ways to put dashes to work in your writing its own specific rules that you use. They show where when to use a hyphen word might be distracting because it starts with cow ends in the same grammatical entity and... I saw you, I knew immediately that our love was heaven-sent huphen, meaning together of a compound exists! Any given sentence ; otherwise, you can now purchase the same to place a is. Special situations noun, a hyphen is a punctuation mark about a range of years or.. Otherwise, you ’ ll use hyphens in a Bitesize 2nd level English and literacy guide again if... Bitesize 2nd level English and literacy guide and type the minus sign located at the of! Distinct differences and uses construction is a punctuation mark that is used to separate prefix. The world — aren ’ t be a space between them and the best way to whether... Referring to the three members of the keyboard around hyphens indicate the division and of! Words are used, but the two are quite different you 're unsure whether to add a hyphen when another! Used to connect words note that when hyphens are used, but two..., is a prefix that comes before the word or to separate syllables of a hyphen with the prefix in... Of two dashes in any given sentence ; otherwise, you ’ re referring to the three members of em... Prefix ( a, un, de, ab, sub,,! An additional rule, there should not be substituted by or for one involved in expressing ages, two are... Help me with this assisgnment for English Greek word huphen, meaning together dashes is visualize... Same is not a dash, but half when to use a hyphen length of the “ dash family...

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