Armee. [25] By November 1944 the division had withdrawn north and formed part of the defensive lines covering the advances to Bologna. These are described as light infantry regiments, They would also have a uniform structure in [6] In the final confrontation with the 90th Light in May 1943, Freyberg had sent a message to the German Division stating "..your position is hopeless. As such, it was provided with partial horse or motor transport and lighter artillery. A recent report and a number of isolated pieces of information from The original Light Divisions set up in 1937 and 1938 were motorized cavalry formations that varied in their organization. Background The division that would become famous later as 90th Light Division started its life as a formation of odds and sods, thrown together quickly out of whatever was available while a much more important war raged in the east. The organization of the IIIrd battalions varied; some battalions had two batteries of 150mm heavy field howitzers plus one battery of 105mm guns, while others had three batteries of heavy field howitzers only, as shown in the table below. 3 LT 2 MOT (10 CW) 6 LT 4 MOT (20 CW) You could replace some tanks with LSPAT for extra damage. Generalmajor Friedrich-Wilhelm von Loeper(24 November 1938 - 12 October 1939) only spearhead divisions at the head of a thrust by one or the other of these two The second of these divisions was given the same infantry structure of Panzer Division runes, in yellow, are visible on the right rear mudguard, balanced by a white company symbol on the left. necessary, from the G.H.Q. Unlike the British, who had employed armoured cars continuously in a wide variety of roles, the German reconnaissance battalions were heavily influenced from the outset by, their cavalry background. Excellent photograph of a mounted unit crossing a ferry.On the horse to the left can be seen the rifle scabbard used until early 1941. von Boeslager Mounted Force Formed in the spring of 1943 and operational until the end of the war, also known as Army Group (Mitte). [26][27] By this time, the division infantry battalions were considered fortunate if they had more than 200 men! Just as the Germans effect great economy by reducing several features and organization of this unit.). LMG: light machine gun, IG: infantry gun, PS: Panzerschrecks. THE GERMAN LIGHT DIVISION A recent report and a number of isolated pieces of information from various sources seem to provide a suitable opportunity for a short study of the German light division. [31], By 25 April the US 5th Army had five divisions over the Po River and IV (US) Corps crossed Lake Garda using Fantails and Duplex Drive tanks to push west to close the Brenner Pass escape road and to secure Milan. Unlike its … In August 1942 the division was split to form the smaller Fortress Brigade Kreta and the 164th Light Afrika Division (German language: Leichte Afrika Division), with the former remaining in Crete and the latter sent to North Africa. pool to reinforce this It is concluded, therefore, that the light division is the new type which pool with similar economy. It was engaged in actions against the Allies in Italy from 1943 to April 1945 when the division was listed as "destroyed" in the Po River valley. What's the ideal light tank division made up of? The 90th was involved in the battles related to Operation Crusader in 1942 and later in the battles of Bir Hakeim as well as the First and Second battles of El Alamein. The 90th Light was regarded by the 2nd New Zealand Division, commanded by Lieutenant-General Sir Bernard C. Freyberg VC, as their special foe and as the two formations had faced each other on several occasions. A panzer division in World War II consisted of a tank brigade with four battalions, a motorized infantry brigade with four rifle battalions, an artillery regiment, and reconnaissance, antitank, and engineer battalions and service units. [14] This move was encouraged by Adm Wilhelm Canaris assuring Field Marshal Kesselring that there was no possibility of any Allied landings close to Rome (The virtually unopposed Anzio landings took place two weeks later on 22 January 1944). Gun, 2-4 x Limber* Hvy. Yet, it also had a small detachment with bigger guns, but overall it couldn’t compete with the US or German division in this regard. and consist of two battalions of four companies with a regimental headquarters [citation needed] The reserve was committed to battle in April 1945 to attempt to halt a breakthrough by the US 10th Mountain Division on the Po defence line[30] but were unable to hold the advancing Allied forces. cooperation with tank units. or lesser extent from the organization met with in any other type of division. The reason for the creation of the light division is apparently based on the … the Russian front, when von Reichenau's Sixth and Seventeenth Armies constantly number of three-regiment infantry divisions. "12 May 1943: The Germans surrender in North Africa", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=90th_Light_Infantry_Division_(Wehrmacht)&oldid=1000730582, Military units and formations established in 1941, Infantry divisions of Germany during World War II, Military units and formations disestablished in 1945, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 1 × Company 190th Panzer Signals Battalion, This page was last edited on 16 January 2021, at 12:23. Due to the severe shortage of both manpower and materials, the regiment became semi-motorized . transport battalions of the G.H.Q. be withdrawn from the front to reform, were transferred to eastern France and The defending 55 (2/West Lancashire) Division and much of 12 (Eastern) and 20 (Light) Divisions seemed to evaporate, and Snow called for reinforcements as early as 9am. company, 1 "heavy" company) and a regimental antitank company. to the G.H.Q. [13], The 29th and 90th Divisions had been moved from the Rome defences to Monte Cassino to bolster the southern defensive Gustav Line in January 1944 as a division assigned to I Parachute Corps. (In issue No. https://tanks-encyclopedia.com/modern/modern-german-tanks.php Formed from reconstituted 155th Light Infantry Regiment. divisions, which had suffered heavy casualties in Russia, and therefore had to It is believed that the 90th Light Division was originally intended to be With the half-tracked battalion merged into the Panzer-Regiment, the Panzergrenadier-Regiment no longer contained SdKfz 251 SPW. Early in the war the panzer divisions used mostly light tanks, and later they used mostly medium tanks. [33][34], General Sir W Jackson, the government historian responsible for documenting the British official history of the War in Italy, considered the 90th Panzergrenadier Division a "worthy opponent. The following report on the German light division was originally printed tanks; and it may well be that the tank regiments, too may be largely transferred Contained at least 300 French Foreign Legionnaires. Standard infantry division (motorized) artillery regiments had two battalions (Ist and IInd) of 105mm light field howitzers. in the spearhead force. [24] After the Allied landings in southern France, the division was relocated to Piedmont to secure the border of the Alpine crossings from France into Italy. The division consisted an Engineer Battalion, a light artillery regiment consisting of two light artillery battalions and one regular artillery battalion. A German MG 08/15 team poses with their gun. These light tanks fought in the German Panzer Divisions from 1939 until 1942, when they were removed from active service. The 90th was then involved in the fourth battle for Monte Cassino. in, [DISCLAIMER: The following text is taken from the U.S. War Department Russian front represented two separate types. The Light Divisions became Panzer Divisions 6-9 in mid 1940. tank battalion is to be added; the other divisional units all depart to a greater The division played a major role in most of the actions against the British Eighth Army in the Western Desert Campaign and eventually surrendered to the Allies in the final stages of the Tunisia Campaign in May 1943. reorganized as "Jaeger" regiments, which may be compared with the crack rifle stands for "zur besonderen Verwendung", which translates as "for a special use" in English. The Corps staff prevailed and the 90th went into battle to following day. It follows that a spearhead force drawn exclusively armies. The division formed part of the Afrika Korps during its deployment to North Africa. Both were based on a two-regiment It was re-constituted later in 1943 and deployed to Sardinia and when the expected Allied invasion of Sardinia failed to materialise, the division was moved to Italy. Infantry Gun Platoon 2 x 150mm Inf. It is thought that the four light divisions which at first emerged on the nowak284 Nov 4, 2020 @ 2:15am very good guide Nerkec Oct 24, 2020 @ 4:06am "20 width … What the German 1917 division lost in rifles, however, it more than gained in other weapons. This was a motori… It was here that the division faced its first damaging battle in Italy during the bitter fighting with the 1st Canadian Infantry Division during the Moro River Campaign in late November 1943 and the Battle of Ortona in December. basis of three regiments. The reply was "..We appreciate your message and we realise our position is hopeless; but we have our duty to perform." jacob.huska Nov 20, 2020 @ 2:48pm @Nerkec Double it, just X2 the whole thing . yet emerged from the experimental stage. Many artillery batteries soon came within range of advancing German infantry. As such, the Africa Division was reconstituted as the 90th Panzergrenadier Division in Sardinia during July 1943 drawing an experienced nucleus of troops from Sturmbrigade Reichsführer SS. Afrika. But by then, these units were very weak and were constantly in contact with Allied forces, making relocation extremely difficult. And as usually it had 3 infantry regiments each with 3 infantry battalions. The first unit incorporated was the 39th Panzerjager (anti-tank) Battalion. company. The converted regiments each consisted two "Jaeger" regiments, but its artillery and other divisional units remained It appears, therefore, that the light division is still in the experimental The Division was finally overrun at 18:45 on 12 May 1943 and was granted an honourable surrender at 12:30 on 13 May 1943 together with all remaining Axis forces at Cap Bon,[8] marking the end of the Tunisia Campaign. basic structure of which is the same as the infantry regiment of the The division strength was 8,017 on 6 February 1944 (. 3 of Tactical and Technical Trends a On mobilization there were 51 active divisions: 39 infantry divisions (including four motorized), 5 panzer divisions (plus a panzer brigade), 4 light divisions and 3 mountain divisions. On 26 June 1941, the OKH ordered the creation of a Division HQ staff for Kommando zbV Afrika in Germany. undergone. chickenwing43 Nov 28, 2020 @ 6:22am 50w infantry is great, just spam out guns and you can use the spare factories to make air. Authorized Strengths for the 4th Light Division (motorized) Division Total: Division Hqs. on a horse basis. battalions of the old Imperial Army. division or that as the occasion requires, so likewise they would be able to Taking the standard tripod-mounted MG 08 and lightening by redesigning the receiver. pool can more easily cooperate with regiments, the motorization, however, it seems that a final decision has still to be taken. Tank crews crowd onto a Sherman Firefly to celebrate the capture of Le Beny Bocage, 1 August 1944. The reconstituted division was deployed along the Bonifacio - Bastia coastal road on 9 September 1943 where it was involved battles against Italians, the maquis and French troops for the liberation of Corsica. expensive to maintain. < > Showing 1-3 of 3 comments . (In issue No. [7] The 90th Light continued to resist attacks by the 56th Division but finally succumbed to attack by the 6th Armoured Division as well as immense air attacks from the South African and Royal Air Forces. [1] On 20 October more units were attached (155th Inf Regt, 900th Engineer Battalion and 605th Anti Tank battalion) and the division troops were expanded to full strength with the division becoming known as Division z.b.V. and contemplated, has been governed by the particular requirements of the the divisional allotment of artillery by using the G.H.Q. Strength of the most important Division types of the German Field Army in 1939 Tank Strength of Panzer Divisions German Panzer Strength June of 1941 to January of 1945 Wehrmacht Panzer Division (mid-1942) Panzer Division HQ: Reconnaissance Battalion - Aufklaerung Abteilung: Armored Car Company Armored Car Company Panzergrenadier Company Heavy Company Signals Battalion - Nachrichten … As a rule, however, they had a light tank battalion, one or two regiments of mounted infantry with two or three battalions each, a motorized artillery regiment with 24 105 mm leFH field howitzers, an anti-tank battalion with 36 3.7-cm PAK 36 and 12 20 mm Flak 38, and a motorized reconnaissance battalion or a reconnaissance regiment with armored cars. During this three-year period, they actively participated in the Invasion of Poland, the Battle of France and the initial stages of Operation Barbarossa (the ill-fated and costly invasion of the Soviet Union). their attacking divisions, so that all are equally adapted for cooperating with Panzer division, and the motorized division, which regularly works in close iamserhathan Dec 14, 2020 @ 11:44pm so good , will use. one of its three infantry regiments, and the two other regiments were may in time supersede both motorized and "normal" infantry divisions. However, its development, both present the four original light divisions employed on the Russian front may have On 28 November 1941, the formation was renamed 90. leichte Afrika Division (90th Light Africa Division). The abbreviation z.b.V. The artillery regiment of the modern German Army), and on an increasing preference for the two-regiment division There seems little doubt, in view of this employment, that the type Panzergrenadier-Regiment (mot) 45 . stage. By 28 April all passes providing a possibility of escape into Austria had been closed and the 90th made a last great effort to keep these escape routes open for the divisions in the west. publication. We have fought you for two years and have no wish to annihilate you." The third division also is believed not to have been motorized. Jan 6, 2017 @ 10:12pm 4 LT 2 MOT would give you 12 CW but you want 10 20 or 40 CW. The 164th Light Afrika Division fought at El Alamein and took heavy casualties in the westward retreat. The German 100th Jäger Division, formerly the 100th Light Infantry Division (German: 100. This study must be regarded as tentative only, since detailed information is At the same time, tank regiments A division now had 48 mortars, a weapon not in its 1914 inventory, and by the winter of 1917-18, the number of machine guns had increased from the initial 24 to 358 (142 heavy and 216 light). various sources seem to provide a suitable opportunity for a short study of drawn from the G.H.Q. However, unlike most Allied light machine guns the MG 08/15 retained its water jacket and added a large wooden buttstock resulting in the weapon weighing 33 lbs. Light divisions were reduced in size … In addition, there is an artillery regiment of two battalions only; a same two-regiment structure. is there a 20w light tank division? They were not sufficiently ar… OR 3 x 37mm Flak37, 3 x Light Truck* Infantry Gun Platoon 2-4 x 75mm Inf. Battles raged around the abbey for an additional three days after which Gen Freyberg called off the corps attack. than the "normal" infantry regiment with a separate artillery regiment. economize in motor transport. It was re-constituted later in 1943 and deployed to Sardinia and when the expected Allied invasion of Sardinia failed to materialise, the division was moved to It is as https://deutsches-afrikakorps.blogspot.com/2010/12/order-of-battle.html independent artillery regiment. [3] The 361st Regiment contained 300 Germans who had previously served in the French Foreign Legion; who were usually considered unworthy of service but brought about by the Wehrmacht's incessant need for additional troops.[2][4]. from these types will be far simpler to control than one which contains a Ig: infantry gun, PS: Panzerschrecks leichte Afrika Division ( motorized ) Division Total: Hqs... Regiments, and consist of two battalions ( Ist and IInd ) of 105mm light howitzers... 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Divisions-Kommando z.b.V @ 11:44pm so good, will use a final decision still. Africa in the battle of El Guettar divisions used mostly light tanks, later!